Acer Aspire 5 Windows 10 – Switch out of S mode

I don’t trust factory-default settings from any vendor where adware/spyware is usually bundled intentionally. Anyhow, I needed a quick way to install Windows 10 (latest build) from scratch. The target device is an Acer Aspire 5.

Rufus was blocked because the laptop came with Windows 10 S mode enabled. This required a Microsoft account to disable (switch out). Turning off / clearing TPM settings in BIOS (F2 during bootup) did the trick. To disable TPM settings, a “password” has to be set first, else, you won’t be able to select other options further down the list.

When setting up Windows 10 for the first time, I prefer not to connect it to the network (WiFi or Ethernet). Doing so will force bypass the mandatory Microsoft account creation which leads to more data collection that is already at play.

compiling from ports: /usr/ports/www/apache24 (2.4.48) notes

Had some trouble compiling Apache 2.4.48 from FreeBSD ports:

pkg install help2man texinfo m4 autoconf expat automake libtool gdbm db5

===> Cleaning for autoconf-2.69_3
===> Cleaning for m4-1.4.18_1,1
===> Cleaning for texinfo-6.7_5,1
===> Cleaning for help2man-1.48.3
===> Cleaning for p5-Locale-gettext-1.07
===> Cleaning for gettext-tools-0.21
===> Cleaning for libtextstyle-0.21
===> Cleaning for gmake-4.3_2
===> Cleaning for automake-1.16.3
===> Cleaning for libtool-2.4.6_1
===> Cleaning for expat-2.4.1
===> Cleaning for apr-
===> Cleaning for gdbm-1.19
===> Cleaning for db5-5.3.28_7
===> Cleaning for libxml2-2.9.10_4
===> Cleaning for pkgconf-1.7.4,1
===> Cleaning for apache24-2.4.48

HP LP2065 Monitor + DVI-D Cable

This monstrosity features three DVI-D female inputs and requires a DVI-D cable to achieve a 2,560 x 1,440 desktop workspace. It has no VGA, HDMI or Display Port inputs. Keep in mind that a display port (or mini-DP) to DVI-D cable will not work unless you use it alongside the Apple-made adapter (or similar device) with a female DVI-D connector, male USB plug (to provide power) and female pass-thru USB slot.

A1521 Apple Airport Extreme AP A1392 Express Wireless Extender with AirPlay

They don’t make these anymore. But firmware upgrades are still available and maintained by Apple.

Apple Airport A1521 Extreme A1392 Express Wireless Extender Base Stations Router Bundle. Both units updated with the latest firmware. 7.8.1 (Express) / 7.9.1 (Extreme). 

You can manage these devices using the AirPort Utility for macOS, iOS and Microsoft Windows.

You can also remotely manage them securely over SSH tunnels. I can show you how.

This combo is for the road warrior and those staying on hotels/motels. Take your private WiFi network anywhere. Retain your IP addressing the same way. Just update the Express to connect to a new WiFi hotspot and let the Extreme handle your devices.

Express can also be used to add wireless functionality (via Ethernet port) to any iMac G5/G4 sitting around your basement.


1GB secure WebDAV online storage space (

Vultr / FreeBSD / Squid Notes

You can run multiple instances of Squid on the same instance and bind it to floating IPs. Just use: “squid -f /path/to/squid.conf2” to startup the process alongside “squid -f /path/to/squid.conf2 -k reconfigure” to refresh any config changes.

If you’re using a custom IP:PORT config in squid.conf*, and use a Firewall on your @Vultr instances, just add a rule to allow TCP access to it.

Google and Facebook tracks you

Software like Brave and browser-based privacy plugins that block ads and trackers are wonderful – but protection is limited to your web browsing activity.

Trackers and beacons exist beyond your browsing habits. Apps on your smartphone and tablet are designed to connect persistently over HTTP and HTTPS with servers to collect analytics data. These data collection servers are hosted by companies like Akamai, Amazon, Facebook, Google, Crashlytics and many others.

How much is too much? You have to decide on that.

Filter Your Internet

Do you have a vacuum at home? Do you drive a car or take the bus to work? Does your home have centralized air? There’s one thing they all have in common: AIR FILTERS

Air filters are designed to capture a certain amount of particle “pollutants & allergens” for later disposal. These particles are tangible (something you can touch, feel and see with your own eyes).

In the realm of Internet connectivity, there are virtual “pollutants & allergens” let’s call it “noise” that is a bi-product of aggressive promotional advertisements, collection of analytics / behavioral patterns / app statistics that tends to get out of control and become invasive (like popups) and add more latency (due to persistent requests among other things). As a result, you end up paying your ISP (Internet Service Provider) for more bandwidth (speed) than you really need.

Instead of solely relying on Anti-Virus/Malware developers, ISPs, VPN (virtual private network) providers and certain types of 3rd-parties to perform “content filtering” for your devices, you can do it yourself using free & open-source software.

FreeBSD and Squid are examples of free & open-source software that can be used to to leverage content filtering at a local level – within your LAN (local area network).

If you need guidance or want more information, I can help. Please use the contact link on the top of the page for more details.

Quick Notes

  • a 2.5″ HDD with macOS High Sierra installed originally from an MBP Early-2011 does not boot properly when used with a MacPro5,1 – you’ll have to select the drive and run Startup Disk > Restart for the system to “bless” it.
  • Mac OS X Lion on a MacPro5,1 requires the DVD installer (Recovery errors out even with a valid iTunes credentials). Tried the date modification workaround but could not get that to work.

  • iLife ’08 = OS X 10.4.11
  • iLife ’09 = OS X 10.5.8
  • iLife ’11 = OS X 10.6/10.7

  • Adobe Photoshop 7.0.1 and Adobe Illustrator 10.0.3 = OS X 10.4.11 (iMac G5)

  • Adobe Photoshop CS6 and Adobe Illustrator CS6 = Windows 10

  • Adobe Photoshop CS6 and Adobe Illustrator CS6 requires OS X 10.6/10.7 will NOT run on OS X higher than 10.8 (Intel-CPU required) – also required is Java SE 6 which is provided by Apple.

  • Mac OS High Sierra 10.13.6 will not run older releases of Adobe Photoshop & Illustrator – check requirements before making any purchases.
  • when Windows 10 is installed on the primary drive (iMac, for example, Disk Utility is too soft when trying to nuke the data) solution: open Terminal and type: diskutil eraseDisk FILE_SYSTEM DISK_NAME DISK_IDENTIFIER
  • enable ACHI and UEFI for laptops/desktops that support both features before installing Windows 10